The fundamental principles

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To me personally the eye opener to permaculture was David Holmgren’s book ”Permaculture principles”(1). In this Diploma work I attempt to follow the fundamental principles laid down in the book.

All designs should be guided by the three permaculture principles of ethics: Earth CarePeople Care and Fair Share. All the principles should be effective not only now but also for the future: Future Care which has been proposed to be the third ethical principle (2).

The 12 permaculture principles (click for a bigger pic.)

All designs should take into account the 12 Permaculture Principles (1).

All designs are somehow related to the Permaculture Domains; 7 petals of the Flower (1)(2).

In reverse the Diploma should include all Permaculture Domains either in terms of the main focus of the design or integrated in the designs.

For me ”Land & Nature Stewardship” is the easiest domain and most of the designs I have planned fall in it. The only one that was not covered by my initial plans at all is ”Health & Spiritual Wellbeing”. Maybe I need to consider a separate plan for that.

The different domains and how the designs fit in them:

Land & Nature Stewardship – A specific place and its inhabitants, how they increase or decrease the ecology. What is the cause?

  • A) Iso-orvokkiniitty: general permaculture design of the site and project
  • B) Projects at Iso-orvokkiniitty
    • iii) Natural beekeeping
    • iv) Low-tech mushroom cultivation
    • v) Forest garden including nuts, hazelnuts
    • vi) Vegetable garden & Perennial vegetables
    • vii) Horse Powered Forestry and Farming

Building – The manmade environment. Specific structures and their construction. What is the total cost our effect over the whole life of the structure?

  • B) Projects at Iso-orvokkiniitty
    • i) Construction:

The 7 permaculture domains.

Tools & Technology – Physical objects that are required to manipulate the environment and concepts relating to how they function. What tools are commonly used?

  • B) Projects at Iso-orvokkiniitty
    • ii) Off-grid energy

Education & Culture – Specific, local ideas relating to how life is lived and how that information is transmitted. What is unique about the local culture?

  • B) Projects at Iso-orvokkiniitty
    • viii) Social aspects, interacting with the community

Health & Spiritual Wellbeing – The effect that something has on its environment, both physically and mentally. What does it’s scale and demeanor tell us about ourselves?

Finances & Economics – How the materials are obtained and brought to a site vs how they are extracted. The larger flow of materials and its scale. How does it fit into the economy?

  • B) Projects at Iso-orvokkiniitty
    • ix) Processing raw-materials
    • x) The economics

Land Tenure & Community Governance – How decisions are made about a space or it’s inhabitants. Who is included. In what ways do you or the world around you participate?

  • C) Karjalohja Agroecological symbiosis


(1) Permaculture: Principles and Pathways Beyond Sustainability (),


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Created 4.2.2018

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